Edouard-Marcel SANDOZ (1881-1971) & CHRISTOFLE/GALLIA : 1930's set of 12 animals knives-rests, stamped, in the box
Edouard-Marcel SANDOZ (1881-1971) designer and CHRISTOFLE/GALLIA silversmith, editor : Set of 12 silver-plated knives-rests in the shape of different animals: peacock, swan, pigeon, bear, lion, pelican, rabbit, fox, pig, dog, cat and sturgeon. Each piece stamped 'O.GALLIA' for 'GALLIA silversmith' and also with CHRISTOFLE mark the chess Knight between the two letters 'OC' for 'CHRISTOFLE silversmith'. In the original box in good condition.
Great classic from the art-deco period. Created by the Swiss cubist sculptor Edouard-Marcel SANDOZ (1881-1971) for the 1rst class dining-room of the Normandy ocean-liner in 1933.
GALLIA Silversmith. General Catalogue. 1934 edition. Reproduced on page 4 under the models numbers 5866 to 5884.
Edouard-Marcel SANDOZ (1881-1971):
Swiss sculptor and modeler, metalworker, and ceramics designer. Was born in Basle, Switzerland on March 21st 1881.
After studying chemistry, SANDOZ decided to turn to sculpture. He studied for three years at the School of Industrial Arts in Geneva then moved to Paris in 1905 where he studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts, Paris, under Antonin MERCIE (1845-1916), INJALBERT, and the painter Ferdinand CORMON. He worked in all mediums including bronze, stone, wood and ceramic. His bronzes are characterized by the use of geometric contrasts, a smooth surface finish and superb patina, influenced by the Art Deco movement (e.g. Condor, c. 1920s; ex-Brooklyn Mus., New York; see Arwas, p. 170).
During the First World War, due to the shortage of stone and bronze, SANDOZ turned to porcelain for his sculptures and thus began his thirty year association with the Theodore HAVILAND Limoges company. This collaboration produced many distinctive highly stylized small animal sculptures in the form of dogs, cats, rabbits, fish, and even hedgehogs done in porcelain with bright colored glazes (e.g.Paris, Musée des Arts décoratifs). All of his sculptures are characterized by a geometric form which is strongly influenced by both the Art Nouveau and Art Deco styles. He specialized in and designed a series of polychrome porcelain items such as boxes, bottles, decanters, and tea and coffee sets.
From 1921 SANDOZ modeled animals for the Porcelaine de Paris company, which exhibited his 'Poisson-Chat' vase and 'Chat-Debout' figures at the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, held in Paris in 1925. SANDOZ continued to work for Haviland & Cie, but also produced work for the Sèvres factory (e.g. 'Apremont' vase; Sèvres, Musée National de la Céramique), Richard-GINORI in Italy and Langenthal in Switzerland.
He was elected a member of Académie des Beaux Arts and made a Commander in Order de la Légion d'Honneur. SANDOZ's sculptures show a unique and lively personal style and place him firmly at the top of the 20th century Animal makers along with Francois POMPON and Rembrandt BUGATTI.
Work shown at the Salon of the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts and in Brussels and Barcelona.
Felix MARCILHAC: Sandoz, sculpteur, figuriste et animalier. Paris. Editions du Regard. 1996.
Jean-Claude SEGONDS: Les créations en porcelaine de Limoges d'Edouard Marcel SANDOZ. Editions Hermé. 1995.