Hugo SCHEIBER (1873-1950) : Country road with black trees

 

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Hugo SCHEIBER (1873-1950) : Country road with black trees
Gouache on paper : 65,7x50cm, with the solid black oak frame: 77,5x62,5cm
Signed on the right bottom : "H Scheiber"

Hugo SCHEIBER (1873-1950):
Hugo Scheiber was born in Budapest in 1873. At the age of eight, he moved with his family from Budapest to Vienna. There, he worked with his father, a sign painter for the Prater theater, Vienna's largest entertainment park. In 1887, Scheiber abandoned school to dedicate himself entirely to painting. He was not able to do this, however, as he needed to financially support his family. In 1890 Scheiber returned to Budapest with his family. He began painting intensely when he was recruited into the army in 1894. In 1898, to help support his family after they had returned to Budapest , he started working during the day, attending painting classes at the Commercial Art School in the evening. In 1900, he completed his studies. Scheiber showed an early interest in German Expressionism and Futurism. In 1915 he met Marinetti, who invited him to join the Futurist movement.

Because Scheiber's paintings conflicted with academic style of the Hungarian art establishment, his work was virtually ignored in his own country. In 1919, he and his friend Béla Kadar held an exhibition organized by Ivan Hévesy in Vienna, which was a great success-so much so that the Budapest Art Museum purchased two of his drawings.

In 1920, Scheiber returned to Vienna. A turning point in his career came in 1921 when Herwarth Walden, founder of Germany's leading avant-garde periodical, Der Sturm, and of the Der Sturm Gallery in Berlin, became interested in Scheiber's work. Scheiber's paintings soon appeared regularly in Walden's magazine. In 1922, he moved to Berlin at the recommendation of Walden and exhibited in 1926 at the Friedrich Museum in Berlin. Exhibitions of his work followed in London, Rome, La Paz, and New York.

In 1926, he had a large exhibition in Vienna, and he became a member of the Vienna Hagenbundes. Another turning point came also in 1926, with the New York exhibition of the Société Anonyme, organized by Katherine Dreier. Important avant-garde artists from more than twenty-three countries were represented. He exhibited in Vienna in 1928 and by 1936 the rise of nazism completely prevented him from showing his work. Scheiber was invited by Marinette to participate in the National Futurist Art Exhibition held in Rome in 1933, where he was received with great enthusiasm. He returned to Budapest in 1939 and when he died in 1950, he was a poor and forgotten artist.

The vivid colors of Portrait of a Lady are a constant feature throughout Scheiber's work. Details such as the rippling waves of hair and Scheiber's spontaneous and active brush strokes are characteristic of Scheiber's Futurist oeuvre of the 1920's.

Café and cabaret life played an important part in the lives of the European avant-garde. Scheiber's focus on café life is exemplified in a number of works illustrated in Schelgl's Hugo Scheiber, Leben und Werk. His humorous and lively drawings and paintings of dancers, acrobats, singers, and musicians are among his classic works and always elicit a positive response.

Scheiber's work has been shown in many important exhibitions since 1945, including: “The Nell Walden Collection” at the Kunsthaus, Zurich (1945), Kunsthaus Aarau (1957), and Kunstmuseum, Bern (1967); “Collection of the Société Anonyme,” Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven (1950); “Paris-Berlin 1900-1930,” Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris (1978); “L'art en Hongrie, 1905-1930,” Musée d'Art et l'Industrie, St. Etienne (1980), and Musée d'Art Moderne de la Ville, Paris (1981). Scheiber's work was represented in the exhibition, “Futurismo & Futurismi,” organized by Pontus Hulten at the Palazzo Grassi in Venice in 1986.

Bibliography:
Janos MATTIS TEUTSCH and the Hungarian Avant-Garde 1910-1935. Exhibition Catalogue April 20 - July 20, 2002 in association with Mission Art Galéria, Budapest and Miskolc, Hungary. Louis Stern Fine Arts Inc.. West Hollywood, California. 2002. - 127p. + 79 color and monochrom illustrations.
Lenke HAULISCH: SCHEIBER Hugo. Budapest. Serpent Kiado. 1995. -189p.
Vilma PATZAY (ed.): Hugo SCHEIBER (1873-1950). Selection from the common exhibition Budapest-Toronto. Budapest/Toronto. Thebes Gallery Inc. 1991. -48p. + 100 color illustrations. Hungarian and English language.
John KISH (ed.): The Hungarian Avant-Garde 1914-1933. A loan exhibition with selections from the Paul K. Kovesdy Collection. The William Benton Museum of Art. The University of Connecticut, Storrs. Connecticut's State Art Museum. 1988. -124p. and many color and monochrom illustrations.
Georges DARANY, Georges (Hrsg.): Hugo SCHEIBER. Leben und Werk. Mit einem Beitrag von Dr. I. SCHLEGL. Vorwort von Ernst SCHMIDT. Basel. Editions Inter Art Galerie. 1982. -95p. + color and monochrom illustrations. Text in English and German.

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