Mart STAM (1899-1986): Set of four original BAUHAUS B 43 chairs, 1933

 

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Mart STAM (1899-1986): Set of four genuine BAUHAUS B 43 chairs, original chrome, original bent wood back and seat, brown varnish redone.

From the 30's

Height of the back: 87 cm - 34 1/4 in
Height of the seat: 45,5 cm - 17 7/8 in
Width of the seat: 39,7 cm - 15 5/8 in
Depth of the seat: 40,5 cm - 15 7/8 in
Total depth: 54 cm - 21 1/4 in

Bibliography

Otakar MACEL: 2100 metal tubular chairs, a typology by Otakar MACEL. Rotterdam. Van Hezik-Fonds 90 Publishers. 2006.
Werner MÜLLER & Otokar MACEL: Ein Stuhl macht Geschichte. Münich. Prestel. 1992.
Jan Van GEST & Otokar MACEL: Stühle aus Stahl, Metallmöbel 1925-1940. Köln. Walter König. 1981. See p.139 s.v. Deutschland, ill. No1 and p.165 (Thonet catalogue).

Mart STAM (1899-1986) Mart STAM (1899-1986):
Born in Purmerend (Netherlands) in 1899, died in Goldach (Switzerland) in 1986.
Studied Design Academy in Amsterdam, under M.J. Granpré Molière in Verhagen (Netherlands), under Kok in Rotterdam.
Stam was chair of 'de Opbouw' ('Construction'), the Dutch architecture group founded in 1920. While in Switzerland and Germany, he met German Constructivists, El Lissitzky, Theo van Doesburg, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. From 1923 to 1926, Stam worked as an architect with German and Dutch architects.
Stam is best known for his 1924 design of the first cantilever tubular steel chair, followed by Marcel Breuer and Le Corbusier. Stam's houses for the 1927 'Weissenhofsiedlung' at the Deutscher Werkbund, Stuttgart, were among the most interesting examples of domestic interior design and architecture there; his furniture for the exhibition was commercially produced by L. und C. Arnold in Schondorf, near Stuttgart, from 1927.
1925-28, he worked in the Dutch architecture office of L.C. van der Vlught and Brickmann.
1928-29 he was a guest lecturer for elementary construction and urban development at the Bauhaus in Dessau, where association with those working in town planning there contributed to his inspiration for the Hellerhof garden-city complex.
1929-35, he worked in several countries; important during this time were his activities in housing and town planning with German architects Ernst May in the Soviet Union. He designed the 1932 house and furnishings (including dining and easy chairs in bent tubular steel) of W. Schwagenscheidt in Moscow. In 1932, he designed a stackable chair.
1935-48, he lived in Amsterdam, where, from 1938 he became director of the Institute for Teaching Industrial Art in Amsterdam, from 1948 he was director of the Akademie der bildenden Künste (Academy of Fine Arts) in Dresden and from 1950 director of the Kunsthochschule (Art College) in Berlin-Weissensee.

Bibliography:
Mal BYARS (ed.): The Design Encyclopedia. New York. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1994. See p.527 s.n. Stam.
Barbie CAMPBELL-COLE & Tim BENTON (eds.): Tubular Steel Furniture. London. The Art Book Company. 1979. See p.29.
G. DORTHUYS: Mart Stam. London. 1970.

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